Tag Archives: globe

GoodMorning!

GoodMorning! Pinheads

GoodMorning! is a Twitter visualization tool that shows about 11,000 ‘good morning’ tweets over a 24 hour period, rendering a simple sample of Twitter activity around the globe. The tweets are colour-coded: green blocks are early tweets, orange ones are around 9am, and red tweets are later in the morning. Black blocks are ‘out of time’ tweets which said good morning (or a non-english equivalent) at a strange time in the day. Click on the image above to see North America in detail (click on the ‘all sizes’ button to see the high-res version, which is 6400×3600), or watch the video below to see the ‘good morning’ wave travel around the globe:

GoodMorning! Full Render #2 from blprnt on Vimeo.

I’ll admit that this isn’t a particularly useful visualization. It began as a quick idea that emerged out of the discussions following my post about Just Landed, in which several commenters asked to see a global version of that project. This would have been reasonably easy, but I felt that the 2D map made the important information in that visualization a bit easier to see. I wondered what type of data would be interesting to see on a globe, and started to think about something time based; more specifically, something in which you might see a kind of a wave traveling around the earth. I have been neck-deep in the Twitter API for a couple of months now, and eventually the idea trickled up to look at ‘good morning’ tweets.

The first task was to gather 24 hours worth of good morning tweets. Querying the Twitter API is easy enough – I posted a simple tutorial about doing this with Processing and Twitter4J a couple of weeks ago. The issue with gathering this many tweets is that you can only get the most recent 1,500 tweets with any search request. I needed many more than that – there are about 11,000 in the video, and those were only the ones from users with a valid location in their Twitter profile. All told, I ended up receiving upwards of 50,000 tweets. The only way to get this many results was to leave a ‘gathering’ client running for 24 hours. I should have put this on a server somewhere, but I didn’t, so my laptop needed to run the client for a full day to get the results. It ended up taking 5 days – a few false starts (the initial scripts choked on some strange iPhone locations), along with a couple of bone-headed errors on my part. Finally, I ended up with a JSON file which held the messages, users, dates and locations for a day’s worth of morning greetings.

I’d already decided to embrace the visual cliche that is the spinning globe. It’s reasonably easy to place points on a sphere once you know the latitude and longitude values – the first thing I did was to place all 11,000 points on the globe to see what kind of a distribution I ended up with. Not surprisingly, the points don’t cover the whole globe. I tried to include some non-english languages to encourage a more even distribution, but I don’t think I did the best job that I could have (if you have ideas for what to search for for other languages – particularly Asian ones, please leave a note in the comments). Still, I thought that there should be enough to get my ‘good morning wave’ going.

In my first attempts, I coloured the tweet blocks according to the size of the tweet. In these versions, you can see the wave, but it’s not very distinct:

GoodMorning! First Render from blprnt on Vimeo.

I needed some kind of colouring that would show the front of the wave – I ended up setting the colour of the blocks according to how far the time block was away from 9am, local time. This gave me the colour spectrum that you see in the latest versions.

Originally, I wanted to include the text in the tweets, but after a few very messy renders, I dropped that idea. I still think it might be possible to incorporate text in some way that doesn’t look like a pile of pick-up-sticks – I just haven’t found it yet. Here’s a render from the text-mess:

GoodMorning!

There are some inherent problems with this visualization. As mentioned earlier, it’s certainly not a complete representation of global Twitter users. Also, I’m relying on the location that the user lists in their Twitter profile to plot the points on the globe. It’s very likely that a high proportion of these locations could be inaccurate. Even if the location is correct, it might not be accurate enough to be useful. If you look at the bottom right of the images above, you’ll see a big plume of blocks in the middle of South America. This isn’t some undiscovered Twitter city in the middle of the jungle (El Tworado? Sorry.) – it’s the result of many users listing their location as simply ‘South America’. There’s one of these in every country and continent (this explains the cluster of Canadians tweeting from somewhere near Baker Lake).

On the other hand, it provides a model for how similar visualizations might be made – propagation maps of trending topics, plotting of followers over time, etc. Even in its current form, the tool does provide some interesting data – for example it seems that East Coasters tweet earlier than West Coaters (there’s more green in the East than in the West). I’m guessing that in the hands of people with more than my rudimentary statistics skills, these kinds of data sets could tell us some interesting – and (heaven forbid) useful things.

Visualizing TED Global (Now with 100% more TED Jokes)

I recently was asked by Wired UK to produce a graphic to accompany an upcoming story about the TED Global event in Oxford, UK. In the process, I’ve learned some interesting things.

First of all, the job titles for TED speakers make excellent jokes (if you’ve got some good punchlines for these, leave them in the comments below):

This movie requires Flash Player 9

To do some more serious explorations, I built an app in Processing that allows me to take the speaker list (scraped from the site) and get latitude/longitude values from the MetaCarta API. The data is stored in a Google Spreadsheet, which processing can remotely read and edit. These lat/lon points are then rendered on a globe, and the trip that each speaker takes to get to Oxford is shown as a paper airplane flight. Here are three renders, each with a different texture used on the globe:

Visualizing TED Global – 182,793km to Oxford (Paper) from blprnt on Vimeo.

Visualizing TED Global – 182,793km to Oxford from blprnt on Vimeo.

Visualizing TED Global – 182,793km to Oxford (B&W) from blprnt on Vimeo.

This is a very similar system to the one I used for Just Landed – the only real difference here is that the locations and travel paths are mapped onto a globe rather than onto a flat surface. Indeed, this gives me pretty much everything I need to render a spherical version of Just Landed – when I get a spare hour or two.

A side effect of mapping all of these trips was the chance to find out how much ground (or air) was covered – I estimated that the 62 speakers at TED have travelled a total of ~182,793km to get to Oxford! I’m not even going to ask about carbon credits.

I’m not sure what the final image will look like – you’ll have to buy the issue of Wired UK – but I have been having some fun playing with this system. While a full 3D environment may seem like overkill for a print project, having the system built the way it is means that I can very quickly prototype many compositional variants, and then tweak and adjust the system as needed to get a good output for print.